India is bestowed with enormous biodiversity of medicinal plants. Among them Tinospora cordifolia has a wide array of bioactive principles as well as it has been proven medicinally important plant, have not received considerable scientific attention. Medicinal plants have been used as natural medicines. This practice has been in existence since prehistoric times. There are different ways in which plants have been found useful in medicines such as crude extract of plants has been used directly because of the presence of natural chemical constituents such as berberine, morphine, psilocin, vincristine etc. and natural compounds for the synthesis of drugs such as tubocurarine, colchicine, nicotine, quinine etc. for therapeutic purpose by folk people. Many modern medicines such as digitalis, vinblastine, aspirin, quinine and paracetamol had their origin from the natural compounds of medicinal plants viz., foxglove (Digitalis purpurea), madagascar periwinkle (Vinca rosea), willow bark (Salix spp.), quinine bark (Cinchona officinalis), respectively.
A large number of plants are being used in medicine for therapeutic or prophylactic purposes. The therapeutic properties of medicinal plants are attributed owing to the presence of active substances such as alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, vitamins, tannins, and coumarins. These natural compounds physiologically affect the body of human beings, interact with the pathogens and interrupt their growth at different stages of development and make the body disease free.
Neem | Ним
Amalaki Rasayan | Амалаки Расајан
Brahmi | Брахми
Ashwagandha | Ашваганда